\$\begingroup\$ @Rick_2047 I wouldn't say "never" - if the requirement is new or expanded or the quantity increases, it can make sense to look at alternatives. The 4.78us is with the iteration/loop included. Is there something I am doing wrong as the function works fine on pin 19 or any other pin but not on the pins with ADC. This also saves CPU time by putting a 1 or 0 in button you don't have to run the whole digitalRead code again. When your input is HIGH (12V), there will be 4V at the digital pin. Subsequent analogWrite() function calls can be used to connect the timer signal to the PWM pin again. Even though the pin is effectively receiving 0V and we'd expected it to read as 0, the radiation around it randomly gets detected and read as some value higher than 0, which in turn, means 1 to your Arduino. Allowed data types: int. A digitalRead() is about 3.6us. When an Arduino pin is programmed to be an input pin it is a high impedance load and will draw almost no current, so with a external pull down resistor the only current draw is from the ground through the external pull down resistor to the external voltage source, ohms law can help you determine the amount of current that the pull down resistor will draw. Formula for calculating the Vout (digital pin): Vout = R1 / (R1 + R2) * Vin. [Digital Pin] Both methods are very similar. If the button is not pressed, then all that pin 2 is exposed to is the ground voltage which is 0 and digitalRead() will return 0. In the Arduino Button tutorial you are going to learn about interfacing the button with Arduino using the Arduino digitalRead function. If I don't change the pinMode it won't be able to read the pin. In a digitalRead() scenario, the Arduino does not recognize analog values. So the digitalRead will always return 0. The buttons are very easy to use with Arduino but you have to take care of few things like using the pull up resistor or using the pull down resistor that I … Allowed data types: int. value: type of pulse to read: either HIGH or LOW. The digitalRead() works with all Arduino pins from D2 to D13 and from A0 to A5 (the only exceptions are the pins A6 and A7). Using the digitalPinToPort() and so, will increase the speed a lot. So how can I read the current setting of a pin that is in OUTPUT mode without losing the value? The digital...Fast functions are more or less portable. There is only one parameter on digitalRead() - the number of the pin you want to read like, for example, digitalRead(A0) in order to read the logic state of the pin A0. When your input is LOW (0.35V), there will be 0.0875V at the digital pin. button=digitalRead(buttonpin) Only read the pin once at this point in the code and be able to do multiple if statements on button without the state changing during your program. pin: the number of the Arduino pin on which you want to read the pulse. However digitalRead(34), returns 0 irrespective of whether I press the button or not. It definitely does not automatically set the pin mode to input, and the result is that the pin's bit value in the output register is applied to the pin. It only reads 0 or, more than 0 (which means 1). That is without the time for the iteration/loop. So setting a pin to HIGH in OUTPUT mode and then changing to INPUT mode will change it to LOW. R2 is nearest to GND. It is not as fast as 0.125us, because a few variables have to be read from memory. 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